Redbay Ambrosia Beetle | Laurel Wilt

The Redbay Ambrosia Beetle / Laurel Wilt Pathogen was confirmed in Indian River County in 2006 and Brevard County in 2007. As a result of this spread, trees of the laurel family, including the redbay, silk bay and avocado, may be at risk.

Typically ambrosia beetles have a symbiotic relationship with the fungus, and the beetles carry fungal spores on their bodies. (Crane 2008)

Ambrosia beetles tunnel in the host tree, construct galleries where they raise their young and plant “fungal gardens” by releasing these spores. The fungus then processes the plant tissue and produces ambrosia which serves as source for nutrition of both adults and larvae. The beetle can also carry spore of disease pathogens that infect the tree leading to the weakening or death of the tree.

Redbay Ambrosia Beetle

The Ambrosia Beetle is:

  • Very small - 2mm length
  • Dark brown to black
  • Cylinder shaped
Laurel Wilt

Laurel Wilt Pathogen Signs:

  • Small strings of sawdust (not readily seen)
  • Bark removal reveals dark staining into existing xylem
  • Dark out ring which spreads into sapwood

Symptoms of laurel wilt can include:

  • Wilting of leaves and young stems
  • Leaves changing color from light green to dark purplish green or greenish brown
  • Dead leaves hanging on the tree
  • Dieback of stem and limb
  • Dried sap on trunk and major limbs (white, crystalline, powder like material)
  • Dark streaks in the sapwood
  • Small, dark holes in the sapwood which indicate presence of wood boring beetles

Photo credits: 1. Michael C. Thomas, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services 2. Albert Mayfield, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services